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HIST 008: Introduction to Late History Europe II - Zenith and Decline

Important Concepts and Tips

Use the online reference sources listed here to get brief background on your topic.

Look for important keywords, people, places and dates that you can use in subsequent searches.

Remember to follow the references/bibliography at the end of the pages to find more sources.

Online Resources to get started

More on Reference Resouces

Primary Sources

A primary source provides direct or firsthand evidence about an event, object, person, or work of art. Primary sources include:

  • historical and legal documents
  • eyewitness accounts
  • pieces of creative writing
  • audio and video recordings
  • speeches
  • interviews (if the interviewee experienced the event as an eyewitness)
  • correspondence
  • diaries
  • letters

Secondary Sources 

Secondary sources describe, discuss, interpret, comment upon, analyze, evaluate, summarize, and process primary sources. Secondary source materials can be articles in newspapers or popular magazines, book or movie reviews, or articles found in scholarly journals that discuss or evaluate someone else's original research.

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