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GU-Q: CULP 324: The Journey of Arabic

This guide supports the course CULP 324 and helps students to explore the development of the Arabic language from its earliest stages through the modern era.

Various Arabic Romanization Tables (Examples)

The transliteration of the Arabic script to Latin is complex in part because Arabic is a non-vocalized script. That is, vowels are not normally written.

Georgetown University Library uses "The American Library Association - Library of Congress (ALA-LC), Arabic Romanization Standard Table" for transliteration of Arabic Language into Latin script.

The table compares, for example, transliteration standard of ALA-LC and the most often used in informal electronic contexts such as Chat rooms, email, and on social media sites.

ALA-LC Arabic Romanization

Google Translate

Chat

Arabic Letter

b

b

b

ب

t

t

t

ت

th

th

 

ث

dh
dhahab

dh
dhahab

4
4ahab

ذ
ذهب


al-ḥayāh

h
alhaya

7
7ayah

ح
الحياة

Kh

 

5/kh

خ

Al-‘Arabiyah
‘**
طبقا للتشكيل

alearabia


 

Al3rabiyah

3

ع

العربية

 

Transliteration table for Brill Online

Transliteration table for Brill Online

Abbreviations: A = Arabic; T= Turkish; P = Persian
 EI 3 - EWIC - EQ EI 2Brockelmann
ءʾ (Unicode 02BE)ʾʾ
a, ā/Āa, āa, ā, Ā
bbb
پpp 
ttt
tht̲h̲
A: j T: cd̲j̲ǧ/Ǧ
چç č 
khk̲h̲
خوkhwk̲h̲w 
ddd
dhd̲h̲
rrr
zzz
ژzhz̲h̲ 
sss
shs̲h̲š/Š
ʿ (Unicode O2BF)ʿʿ
ghg̲h̲ġ/Ġ
fff
qḳ/Ḳ
kA: k; T: k, g [ğ]; ñk
lll
mmm
nnn
hhh
ة  a; at in idāfa
w/v, ū/Ū, -uwww/v, ū, -uwwū; uw; u; w
ى/ﻱī/Ī, -iyy-ī/Ī, -iyy-ī -iy-; i; y
Short Vowelsa, e, i, ı, o, ö, u, üa, e, i, ı, o, ö, u, üa, e, i, ı, o, ö, u, ü

ALA-LC Arabic Romanization Table Alphabet

ALA-LC Arabic Romanization Table Alphabet

خ

ح

ج

ث

ت

ب

ا

kh

j

th

t

b

a**

ص

ش

س

ز

ر

ذ

د

sh

s

z

r

dh

d

ق

ف

غ

ع

ظ

ط

ض

q

f**

gh

‘ (ayn)

ي

و

ة ، ه

ن

م

ل

ك

y

w

h**

n

m

l

k

 

  • تكتب الكلمة العربية بالحروف الأبجدية الإنجليزية طبقا لنطقها

الضمة، الفتحة، الكسرة، المدة

حُقوقُ الْمَرْأَةِ فِي الْإِسْلَامِ

LC Romanization

   uqūq        حوقوق

u

حقوق

(الضمة)

Al-marah

a

الْمَرْأَةِ

(الفتحة)

fī

ī

في

( المدة)

Al-Islam

a

الْإِسْلَامِ

(الكسرة)

 

حرف العين (تكتب طبقا لنطقها / تشكيلها)

الكسرة، الفتحة، الضمة

ʻinda

عند

(الكسرة)

ʻA

علي

(الفتحة)

al-ʻArabīyah

العربية

(الفتحة)

al-ʻulūm

العلوم

(الضمة)

 

** More details see ALA-LC Arabic Romanization Table  - Library of Congress